Resume


 Todd Whitehurst, M.D.

todd@toddwhitehurst.com

+1.323.999.1777

 

EXPERIENCE

 

Sensors for Medicine and Science, Inc., Germantown, MD                                                                2011-2012

Vice President, Product Development

·      Leading development of novel RF-powered implantable glucose sensor for treatment of diabetes

·      Developing body-worn reader to provide power to and read data from glucose sensor

·      Developing smartphone application to link to body-worn reader for display of glucose data

·      Executing preclinical studies and clinical trials of implantable glucose sensor

·      Recruiting physicians for clinical trials in Europe and the US

 

Palyon Corporation, Valencia, CA (formerly in New York, NY)                                                         2009-2011

Vice President, Research and Development

·      Led development of novel implantable infusion pump for treatment of chronic pain and diabetes

·      Developed intellectual property for implantable pump systems

·      Developed and executed preclinical and clinical studies of implantable infusion pump for chronic pain

·      Recruited physicians and scientists for medical advisory role and clinical trials

 

Boston Scientific Neuromodulation (formerly Advanced Bionics), Valencia, CA                             2002-2009

Vice President, Emerging Indications, 2004-09

Director, Emerging Indications, 2002-03 (at Advanced Bionics, which was acquired in 2004)

·      Defined new applications for implantable neurostimulation devices, including intellectual property and system architectures

·      Led development of new and revised hardware for new applications, including a revised multielectrode implantable pulse generator, a new charging system, and new electrode leads

·      Led team that developed and launched animal studies and clinical trials of implantable neurostimulation devices for headache, Parkinson’s disease, erectile dysfunction, and epilepsy

·      Recruited physicians and scientists for medical advisory role, pilot studies, and clinical trials

 

Advanced Bionics Corporation, Sylmar, CA                                                                                        1999-2002

Senior Principal Engineer, Biomedical Systems

·      Designed and developed neurostimulation circuitry, RF telemetry circuitry, and battery charger circuitry for implantable and external devices

·      Developed embedded software for an implantable neurostimulator and external remote control

 

SRI International, Menlo Park, CA                                                                                                           1988-92

Research Associate

·      Developed a prototype three-dimensional ultrasound medical imaging system

·      Designed and implemented digital and analog hardware and data acquisition and processing software

 

EDUCATION

 

University of California, San Francisco (UCSF)                                                                                      1995-99

·      MD, 1999, in conjunction with research integrating computerized pattern recognition with medical imaging

·      President of Associated Students of the School of Medicine (student government association)

·      USMLE Step I: 243 (98th percentile); USMLE Step II: 241 (97th percentile)

·      MCAT: Bio. Sci. 14/15, Verbal 14/15, Phys. Sci. 13/15; School of Medicine academic scholarship

 

Stanford University, Stanford, CA                                                                                                            1990-95

·      PhD in Electrical Engineering (in progress; on a leave of absence)

·      Stanford Neural Interface Lab: research and development of a bionic arm, specifically an implantable chronic neural interface for mammalian peripheral nerves

·      Designed special microfabrication processes, custom digital and analog integrated circuitry (ASICs), and PC-based data acquisition system for implantable device

·      GPA 3.9; ARCS Academic Scholarship Award; GRE: Quantitative 800, Analytical 790, Verbal 610

 

University of California, Berkeley                                                                                                             1988-90

·      MS, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 1989

·      Master's Thesis on ultrasound imaging in the Bioengineering Research Lab at SRI International

·      GPA 3.97; National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship

 

Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN                                                                                                         1983-87

·      BE, Electrical Engineering, Computer Science, and Mathematics, 1987

·      GPA 4.0; Valedictorian; Founder's Medal in Engineering

 

Publications

 

Whitehurst TK, Schulman JH, Jaax KN, Carbunaru R. “The Bion Microstimulator and Its Clinical Applications.” Implantable Neural Prostheses 1: Devices and Applications, edited by Zhou DD, Greenbaum E.  Published by Springer, July 1, 2009.

Burnett AL, Teloken PE, Briganti A, Whitehurst T, Montorsi F. “Intraoperative assessment of an implantable electrode array for cavernous nerve stimulation.” J Sex Med. 2008 Aug;5(8):1949-54. Epub 2008 May 5.

Carbunaru R, Whitehurst T, Jaax K, Koff J, Makous J. “Rechargeable battery-powered bion microstimulators for neuromodulation.” Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2004;6:4193-6.

 

Trigeminal Nerve Stimulation for Epilepsy

DeGiorgio CM, Murray D, Markovic D, Whitehurst T. “Trigeminal nerve stimulation for epilepsy: long-term feasibility and efficacy.” Neurology. 2009 Mar 10;72(10):936-8.

DeGiorgio CM, Shewmon A, Murray D, Whitehurst T. “Pilot study of trigeminal nerve stimulation (TNS) for epilepsy: a proof-of-concept trial.” Epilepsia. 2006 Jul;47(7):1213-5.

DeGiorgio CM, Shewmon DA, Whitehurst T. “Trigeminal nerve stimulation for epilepsy.” Neurology. 2003 Aug 12;61(3):421-2.

 

Electronic/Neural Interface Project

Kovacs GTA, Whitehurst TK, Storment CW, Hentz VR, Rosen JM. “Accurate Small-Signal Characterization of Microelectrodes.” Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Conference of the Association for the Advancement of Rehabilitation Technology. Washington, DC, 1990 June:381-2.

Kovacs GTA, Storment CW, Whitehurst TK, Nguyen KD, Hentz VR, Rosen JM. “Development of a Chronic Neuroprosthesis for Direct Man/Machine Connection:  The Stanford/VA Neural Interface Project.” Proceedings of the American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons 1990 Annual Scientific Meeting. Boston, MA, 1990 Oct.

Kovacs GTA, Storment CW, Whitehurst TK, Belczynski C, Nguyen KD, Rosen, JM, “Technology Development for a Chronic Neural Interface.” Proceedings of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs, Thirty-Seventh Annual Meeting. Chicago, IL, 1991 Apr.

 

Ultrasound Imaging

Schattner P, Whitehurst TK, Shah AS, Green PS. “Multiple Plane Ultrasonic Attenuation and Reflection Imaging.” Journal of Ultrasound Medicine. 1990;9:S51.

Schattner P, Whitehurst TK, Gorfu Y, Jensen JF, Shah AS, Green PS. “Volumetric Acoustic Reflection and Attenuation Imaging.” IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium. Honolulu, 1990.

Green PS, Ostrem JS, Whitehurst TK, Jensen JF, Schattner P. “Combined Reflection and Reflex Transmission C-Scan Ultrasound Imaging for Improved Stone Delineation.” American Lithotripsy Society Meeting. San Diego, 1990.

Green PS, Ostrem JS, Whitehurst TK. “Combined reflection and transmission ultrasound imaging.” Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology. 1991;17(3):283-9.

Schattner P, Whitehurst TK, Jensen JF, Shah AS, Green PS. “Three-dimensional ultrasonic reflection and attenuation imaging.” IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control. 1992;39(1):102-11.

 

Posters

 

Whitehurst TK, Storment CW, Kovacs GTA. “Actively Scanned Microelectrode Arrays.” Presented at National Institutes of Health Neural Prosthesis Conference, Bethesda, MD, Oct. 21-23, 1991.

Whitehurst TK, Storment CW, Belczynski C, Kovacs GTA. “Actively-Scanned Microelectrode Arrays.” Presented at 22nd Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience, Anaheim, CA, Oct. 25-30, 1992.

 

Speaking Engagements

 

Speaker and Panel Member, Neuroscience Research & Development Partnerships, 4th Annual Neurotech Industry Investing and Partnering Conference, San Francisco, May 11-13, 2009

Speaker and Panel Member, New Applications Panel, 8th Annual Neurotech Leaders Forum, San Francisco, October 23-24, 2008.

Speaker, Georgia Tech Packaging Research Center Industry Forum Day, March 14, 2007.

Speaker, 6th Annual Neurotech Leaders Forum, San Francisco, September 28-29, 2006.

 

US Patents

 

US Patent 7,805,202. Implantable electrodes and insertion methods and tools. Kuzma JA, Whitehurst TK, Smith LA, Thenuwara C. September 28, 2010.

US Patent 7,799,037. Surgical insertion tool. He TX, McGivern JP, Whitehurst TK. September 21, 2010.

US Patent 7,783,362. Vagus nerve stimulation via unidirectional propagation of action potentials. Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP, Carbunaru R, Haller MI, He TX, Bradley K. August 24, 2010.

US Patent 7,776,029. Microminiature infusion pump. Whitehurst TK, McClure KH, McGivern JP. August 17, 2010.

US Patent 7,769,461. Skull-mounted electrical stimulation system and method for treating patients. Whitehurst TK, Carbunaru R. August 3, 2010.

US Patent 7,702,385. Electrode contact configurations for an implantable stimulator. Moffitt MA, Carbunaru R, Whitehurst TK, Mann AE. April 20, 2010.

US Patent 7,684,867. Treatment of aphasia by electrical stimulation and/or drug infusion. Jaax KN, Carbunaru R, Whitehurst TK. March 23, 2010.

US Patent 7,684,858. Methods and systems for placing an implanted stimulator for stimulating tissue. He TX, Whitehurst TK, Mann AE, Johnson PK. March 23, 2010.

US Patent 7,660,631. Methods and systems for electrical and/or drug stimulation as a therapy for erectile dysfunction. Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP. February 9, 2010.

US Patent 7,657,316. Methods and systems for stimulating a motor cortex of the brain to treat a medical condition. Jaax KN, Whitehurst TK, Carbunaru R. February 2, 2010.

US Patent 7,627,383. Implantable stimulator. Haller MI, Daulton J, Whitehurst TK, Carbunaru R. December 1, 2009.

US Patent 7,610,103. Electrode arrangement for nerve stimulation and methods of treating disorders. Whitehurst TK, Jaax KN, Carbunaru R, Kuzma JA. October 27, 2009.

US Patent 7,610,100. Methods and systems for treating osteoarthritis. Jaax KN, Carbunaru R, Whitehurst TK. October 27, 2009.

US Patent 7,596,414. Cuff electrode arrangement for nerve stimulation and methods of treating disorders. Whitehurst TK, Jaax KN, Carbunaru R. September 29, 2009.

US Patent 7,493,172. Methods and systems for stimulating a nerve originating in an upper cervical spine area to treat a medical condition. Whitehurst TK, Jaax KN, Carbunaru R. February 17, 2009.

US Patent 7,493,171. Treatment of pathologic craving and aversion syndromes and eating disorders by electrical brain stimulation and/or drug infusion.  Whitehurst TK, Makous JC, Carbunaru R, Jaax KN. February 17, 2009.

US Patent 7,483,746. Stimulation of the stomach in response to sensed parameters to treat obesity. Lee PH, Whitehurst TK, Woods CM. January 27, 2009.

US Patent 7,481,759. Systems and methods for treatment of coronary artery disease. Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP, McClure KH, Stultz MR. January 27, 2009.

US Patent 7,477,944. Systems and methods for modulation of pancreatic endocrine secretion and treatment of diabetes. Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP. January 13, 2009.

US Patent 7,440,806. Systems and methods for treatment of diabetes by electrical brain stimulation and/or drug infusion. Whitehurst TK, Makous JC, Carbunaru R, Jaax KN. October 21, 2008.

US Patent 7,321,794.  Method and system for treating atrial fibrillation. Thacker JR, McClure KH, Whitehurst TK, Lee PH. January 22, 2008.

US Patent 7,308,303. Thrombolysis and chronic anticoagulation therapy. Whitehurst TK, McClure KH, Thacker JR. December 11, 2007.

US Patent 7,292,890. Vagus nerve stimulation via unidirectional propagation of action potentials. Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP, Carbunaru R, Haller MI, He TX, Bradley K. November 6, 2007.

US Patent 7,203,548. Cavernous nerve stimulation via unidirectional propagation of action potentials. Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP, Carbunaru R, Haller MI, Xiaohai He T, Bradley K. April 10, 2007.

US Patent 7,167,751. Method of using a fully implantable miniature neurostimulator for vagus nerve stimulation. Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP. January 23, 2007.

US Patent 7,155,284. Treatment of hypertension. Whitehurst TK, McClure KH, Thacker JR, McGivern JP. December 26, 2006.

US Patent 7,155,279. Treatment of movement disorders with drug therapy. Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP. December 26, 2006.

US Patent 7,151,961. Treatment of movement disorders by brain stimulation. Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP, McClure KH. December 19, 2006.

US Patent 7,110,823. RF telemetry link for establishment and maintenance of communications with an implantable device. Whitehurst TK, McClure KH, Murtonen SS. September 19, 2006.

US Patent 7,054,692. Fixation device for implantable microdevices. Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP. May 30, 2006.

US Patent 7,054,689. Fully implantable neurostimulator for autonomic nerve fiber stimulation as a therapy for urinary and bowel dysfunction. Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP, Mann CM. May 30, 2006.

US Patent 7,013,177. Treatment of pain by brain stimulation. Whitehurst TK, Woods CM, Meadows PM. March 14, 2006.

US Patent 7,006,875. Curved paddle electrode for use with a neurostimulator. Kuzma JA, Whitehurst TK. February 28, 2006.

US Patent 7,006,870. Fully implantable miniature device for pudendal nerve activation as a therapy for erectile dysfunction and other sexual dysfunction. Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP. February 28, 2006.

US Patent 7,003,352. Treatment of epilepsy by brain stimulation. Whitehurst TK. February 21, 2006.

US Patent 6,970,741. Monitoring, preventing, and treating rejection of transplanted organs. Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP, McClure KH, Marnfeldt GN, Thacker JR. November 29, 2005.

US Patent 6,950,707. Systems and methods for treatment of obesity and eating disorders by electrical brain stimulation and/or drug infusion. Whitehurst TK. September 27, 2005.

US Patent 6,941,171. Implantable stimulator methods for treatment of incontinence and pain. Mann CM, Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP, Loeb GE, Richmond FJR. September 6, 2005.

US Patent 6,922,590. Systems and methods for treatment of diabetes by electrical brain stimulation and/or drug infusion. Whitehurst TK. July 26, 2005.

US Patent 6,901,296. Methods and systems for direct electrical current stimulation as a therapy for cancer and other neoplastic diseases. Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP, Kuzma JA. May 31, 2005.

US Patent 6,901,294. Methods and systems for direct electrical current stimulation as a therapy for prostatic hypertrophy. Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP, Kuzma JA. May 31, 2005.

US Patent 6,885,895. Methods and systems for electrical and/or drug stimulation as a therapy for erectile dysfunction. Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP. April 26, 2005.

US Patent 6,871,099. Fully implantable microstimulator for spinal cord stimulation as a therapy for chronic pain. Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP, Mann CM, Kuzma JA. March 22, 2005.

US Patent 6,862,479. Spinal cord stimulation as a therapy for sexual dysfunction. Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP. March 1, 2005.

US Patent 6,845,267. Systems and methods for modulation of circulatory perfusion by electrical and/or drug stimulation. Harrison WV, Whitehurst TK. January 18, 2005.

US Patent 6,832,114. Systems and methods for modulation of pancreatic endocrine secretion and treatment of diabetes. Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP. December 14, 2004.

US Patent 6,788,975. Fully implantable miniature neurostimulator for stimulation as a therapy for epilepsy. Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP, Kuzma JA. September 7, 2004.

US Patent 6,782,292. System and method for treatment of mood and/or anxiety disorders by electrical brain stimulation and/or drug infusion. Whitehurst TK. August 24, 2004.

US Patent 6,735,475. Fully implantable miniature neurostimulator for stimulation as a therapy for headache and/or facial pain. Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP, Woods CM, Meadows PM, Kuzma JA. May 11, 2004.

US Patent 6,735,474. Implantable stimulator system and method for treatment of incontinence and pain. Loeb GE, Richmond FJR, Mann CM, Faltys MA, Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP. May 11, 2004.

US Patent 6,733,485. Microstimulator-based electrochemotherapy methods and systems. Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP, Haller MI, Kuzma JA. May 11, 2004.

US Patent 6,650,943. Fully implantable neurostimulator for cavernous nerve stimulation as a therapy for erectile dysfunction and other sexual dysfunction. Whitehurst TK, McGivern JP. November 18, 2003.

US Patent 6,582,441. Surgical insertion tool. He TX, McGivern JP, Whitehurst TK. June 24, 2003.

US Patent 6,522,928. Physiologically based adjustment of stimulation parameters to an implantable electronic stimulator to reduce data transmission rate. Whitehurst TK, McClure KH. February 18, 2003.

US Patent 5,065,763. Combined reflection and transmission ultrasonic imaging method and apparatus. Green PS, Ostrem JS, Whitehurst TK. November 19, 1991.

 

Patent Applications

 

US Patent Application 20100145357. Burr hole plug having dual slidable clamping mechanisms.

US Patent Application 20100114192. Methods and systems for stimulating a motor cortex of the brain to treat a medical condition.

US Patent Application 20100030287. Methods for treating autism.

US Patent Application 20090281605. Engagement tool for implantable medical devices.

US Patent Application 20090270944. Methods and systems for treating a psychotic disorder.

US Patent Application 20090192570. Methods and systems of treating ischemia pain in visceral organs.

US Patent Application 20090192568. Methods and systems for treating seizures caused by brain stimulation.

US Patent Application 20090192565. Stimulation of the stomach in response to sensed parameters to treat obesity.

US Patent Application 20090192558. Methods and systems of treating pancreatitis pain.

US Patent Application 20090192557. Methods and systems of treating pancreatitis pain caused by sphincter of oddi dysfunction.

US Patent Application 20090192555. Fixation of implantable pulse generators.

US Patent Application 20090149917. Multimodal neurostimulation systems and methods.

US Patent Application 20090149866. Implantable electrodes and insertion methods and tools.

US Patent Application 20090125088. Implanting medical devices.

US Patent Application 20090112327. Burr hole plug designs.

US Patent Application 20090112272. Connector assemblies for implantable stimulators.

US Patent Application 20090082835. Apparatus and methods for charging an implanted medical device power source.

US Patent Application 20090005823. Lead assembly for implantable microstimulator.

US Patent Application 20080286327. Thrombolysis and chronic anticoagulation therapy.

US Patent Application 20080255634. Treatment of obesity and/or type ii diabetes by stimulation of the pituitary gland.

US Patent Application 20080188779. Topical analgesia using electrical and vibration stimuli.

US Patent Application 20080132961. Implant tool for use with a microstimulator.

US Patent Application 20080065183. Vagus nerve stimulation via unidirectional propagation of action potentials.

US Patent Application 20080021503. Neurostimulation and coronary artery disease treatment.

US Patent Application 20070239243. Electrode contact configurations for cuff leads.

US Patent Application 20070156180. Methods and systems for treating osteoarthritis.

US Patent Application 20070142889. Electrode arrangement for nerve stimulation and methods of treating disorders.

US Patent Application 20070129780. Cuff electrode arrangement for nerve stimulation and methods of treating disorders.

US Patent Application 20070112403. Electrode contact configurations for an implantable stimulator.

US Patent Application 20070100393. Treatment of movement disorders by brain stimulation.

US Patent Application 20070100389. Treatment of aphasia by electrical stimulation and/or drug infusion.

US Patent Application 20070078503. Implantable electrodes and insertion methods and tools.

US Patent Application 20070066997. Methods and systems for placing an implanted stimulator for stimulating tissue.

US Patent Application 20070049988. Optimal electrode contact polarity configurations for implantable stimulation systems.

US Patent Application 20070038264. Methods and systems for treating autism.

US Patent Application 20070021804. Stimulation using a microstimulator to treat tinnitus.

US Patent Application 20070021800. Cavernous nerve stimulation via unidirectional propagation of action potentials.

US Patent Application 20060293723. Skull-mounted electrical stimulation system and method for treating patients.

US Patent Application 20060247728. Methods and systems for treating autism by decreasing neural activity within the brain.

US Patent Application 20060241717. Treatment of movement disorders by extradural motor cortex stimulation.

US Patent Application 20060235484. Stimulation of a stimulation site within the neck or head.

US Patent Application 20060212087. Implantable stimulator.

US Patent Application 20060206165. Occipital nerve stimulation to treat headaches and other conditions.

US Patent Application 20060195154. Methods and systems for stimulating a motor cortex of the brain to treat a medical condition.

US Patent Application 20060194724. Methods and systems for nerve regeneration.

US Patent Application 20060178709. Methods and systems for treating a medical condition by promoting neural remodeling within the brain.

US Patent Application 20060161217. Methods and systems for treating obesity.

US Patent Application 20060129201. Stimulation of the stomach in response to sensed parameters to treat obesity.

US Patent Application 20060064140. Methods and systems for stimulating a trigeminal nerve to treat a psychiatric disorder.

US Patent Application 20060036293. Methods for treating gastrointestinal disorders

US Patent Application 20060036286. Monitoring, preventing, and treating rejection of transplanted organs.

US Patent Application 20050267555. Engagement tool for implantable medical devices.

US Patent Application 20050228451. Methods and systems for treating chronic pelvic pain.

US Patent Application 20050209652. Methods and systems for electrical and/or drug stimulation as a therapy for erectile dysfunction.

US Patent Application 20050182453. Treatment of epilepsy by high frequency electrical stimulation and/or drug stimulation.

US Patent Application 20050165465. Lead assembly for implantable microstimulator.

US Patent Application 20050154419. Methods and systems for stimulating a nerve originating in an upper cervical spine area to treat a medical condition.

US Patent Application 20050143789. Methods and systems for stimulating a peripheral nerve to treat chronic pain.

US Patent Application 20050119713. Methods for implanting a spinal cord stimulator.

US Patent Application 20050102006. Skull-mounted electrical stimulation system.

US Patent Application 20050049651. Treatment of mood and/or anxiety disorders by electrical brain stimulation and/or drug infusion.

US Patent Application 20050033376. Systems and methods for treatment of obesity and eating disorders by electrical brain stimulation and/ or drug infusion.

US Patent Application 20040230231. Method and system for treating atrial fibrillation.

US Patent Application 20040225335. Treatment of Huntington's disease by brain stimulation.

US Patent Application 20040193220. Treatment of movement disorders with drug therapy.

US Patent Application 20040172089. Fully implantable miniature neurostimulator for stimulation as a therapy for epilepsy.

US Patent Application 20040162590. Fully implantable miniature neurostimulator for intercostal nerve stimulation as a therapy for angina pectoris.

US Patent Application 20040122477. Fully implantable miniature neurostimulator for spinal nerve root stimulation as a therapy for angina and peripheral vascular disease.

US Patent Application 20040106954. Treatment of congestive heart failure.

US Patent Application 20040082978. Systems and methods for modulation of circulatory perfusion by electrical and/or drug stimulation.

US Patent Application 20040082908. Microminiature infusion pump.

US Patent Application 20040015205. Implantable microstimulators with programmable multielectrode configuration and uses thereof.

US Patent Application 20040015204. Implantable microstimulators and methods for unidirectional propagation of action potentials.

US Patent Application 20030236558. Vagus nerve stimulation via unidirectional propagation of action potentials.

US Patent Application 20030236557. Cavernous nerve stimulation via unidirectional propagation of action potentials.

US Patent Application 20030229383. RF telemetry link for establishment and maintenance of communications with an implantable device.

US Patent Application 20030083698. Thrombolysis and chronic anticoagulation therapy.

US Patent Application 20030036773. Systems and methods for treatment of coronary artery disease.

US Patent Application 20020055761. Implantable stimulator systems and methods for treatment of incontinence and pain.

US Patent Application 20020013612. System and method for treatment of mood and/or anxiety disorders by electrical brain stimulation and/or drug infusion.

US Patent Application 20010053926. Combined frequency-domain time-domain multiplexing of radio frequency communications with multiple implanted devices.

US Patent Application 20010037132. Physiologically-based adjustment of stimulation parameters to an implantable electronic stimulator to achieve reduction in data transmission rate.